Superplasticity of a Fine-Grained TZ3Y Material Involving Dynamic Grain Growth and Dislocation Motion
Superplastic deformation of a fully dense TZ3Y material, having a starting grain size around 135–145 nm and depleted of any amorphous phase at grain boundaries, has been investigated using compressive creep tests in air in the temperature range of 1100°–1300°C and the real stress range of 50–100 MPa. The key parameters of the creep law have been determined by performing temperature changes at a fixed stress and stress jumps at a fixed temperature. From such experiments, an average value for the apparent stress exponent of around 3 is obtained when the applied stress varied from 50 to 100 MPa and the temperature was kept constant in the range of 1100°–1300°C. The apparent activation energy of the mechanism controlling the creep deformation is evaluated at 577±75 kJ/mol in the temperature range of 1200°–1300°C, for a real stress of 70 MPa. The values of the apparent grain size exponent can be calculated from the initial grain size in the as-sintered samples and the grain size in the crept samples. In all cases, it was determined to be around 2. Observation of the microstructure of the crept samples, using scanning electron microscopy, reveals grain growth but does not show any significant elongation of the elemental grains. Transmission electron microscopy of a sample crept under 100 MPa at 1300°C reveals clear intragranular dislocation activity. This dislocation activity seems to be mainly confined in folds emitted at triple points. Because the creep parameters (experimental and calculated using a simple geometric model) and the microstructure observed are in good agreement, we propose that the creep mechanism involved is grain boundary sliding accommodated by dynamic grain growth and the formation of triple-point folds.
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Document Type: Research Article
Laboratoire de Synthèse et Fonctionnalisation des Céramiques, UMR CNRS/Saint-Gobain 3080, Saint-Gobain C.R.E.E., 84306 Cavaillon, Cedex, France
Laboratoire de Structure et Propriétés de l'Etat Solide, UMR CNRS 8008, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq, Cedex, France
Publication date: 2010-03-01