Effect of Potassium Sodium Tartrate and Sodium Citrate on the Preparation of α-Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate from Flue Gas Desulfurization Gypsum in a Concentrated Electrolyte Solution
Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) gypsum mainly composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate (DH) was used as a raw material to obtain α-calcium sulfate hemihydrate (α-HH) through dehydration in a Ca–Mg–K–Cl-solution medium at 95°C under atmospheric pressure. The effects of potassium sodium tartrate and sodium citrate on the preparation of α-HH in the electrolyte solution were investigated. The results revealed that the addition of potassium sodium tartrate (1.0 × 10−2–2.5 × 10−2M) decreased the dehydration rate of FGD gypsum and increased the length/width (l/w) ratio of α-HH crystals, which could yield unfavorable strength properties. Addition of sodium citrate (1.0 × 10−5– 2.0 × 10−5M) slightly increased the dehydration rate of FGD gypsum and decreased the l/w ratio of α-HH crystals, which could be beneficial to increase strength. However, it also led to a partial formation of anhydrite (AH) crystals. AH was also the only dehydration product when the concentration of sodium citrate increased to 1.0 × 10−4M. Therefore, sodium citrate rather than potassium sodium tartrate could be used as an additive in Ca–Mg–K–Cl electrolyte solutions if α-HH with a shorter l/w ratio is the desired product from FGD gypsum dehydration. The concentration of sodium citrate should be properly controlled to reduce the formation of AH.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Publication date: 2009-12-01