Colloidal Processing of Glass–Ceramics for Laminated Object Manufacturing
Abstract:Green tapes of Li2O–ZrO2–SiO2–Al2O3 (LZSA) parent glass were produced by aqueous tape casting as the starting material for the laminated object manufacturing (LOM) process. The rheological behavior of the powder suspensions in aqueous media, as well as the mechanical properties of the cast tapes, was evaluated. According to potential measurements, the LZSA glass powder particles showed acid surface characteristics and an IEP of around 4 when in aqueous media. The critical volume fraction of solids was about 72 wt% (27 vol%), which hindered the processability of more concentrated slurries. The glass particles also showed an anisometric profile, which contributed to an increase in the interactions between particles during flow. Therefore, the suspensions could not be processed at high solids loadings. Aqueous-based glass suspensions were also characterized by shear thickening after the addition of dispersants. Three slurry compositions were formulated, suitable green tapes were cast, and tapes were successfully laminated by LOM to a gear wheel geometry. A higher tensile strength of the green tapes corresponded to a higher tensile strength of the laminates. Thermal treatment was then applied to the laminates: pyrolysis at 525°C, sintering at 700°C for 1 h, and crystallization at 850°C for 30 min. A 20% volumetric shrinkage was observed, but no surface flaws or inhomogeneous areas were detected. The sintered part maintained the curved edges and internal profile after heat treatment.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Group of Ceramic and Glass Materials (CERMAT), Departments of Chemical Engineering (EQA) and Mechanical Engineering (EMC), Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), 88040-900 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil 2: Laboratory of Ceramics Processes, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, University of São Paulo (USP), 05508-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil 3: Institute of Advanced Materials and Processes, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 90762 Fuerth, Germany
Publication date: 2009-06-01