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Thermodynamically Stable SiwCxNyOz Polymer-Like, Amorphous Ceramics Made from Organic Precursors

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Abstract:

This communication reports new results on the enthalpy of formation of pseudo-amorphous ceramic compounds constituted from silicon, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen (SiCNO), made from the polymer route. Again, like the SiCO materials, although with one exception, the enthalpy of formation from crystalline components (SiO2 cristobalite, -Si3N4, SiC, and excess C) is negative. Some of the alloyed oxygen–nitrogen compositions yield enthalpies that are much more negative (∼100 kJ/g·atom) in comparison with compositions that contain mainly oxygen or nitrogen (∼20 kJ/g·atom). The exception, having a N/O ratio near 2, has a positive value for the enthalpy. This may reflect the presence of nanoclusters of stoichiometric Si2N2O instead of the pseudo-amorphous nanodomain structure seen for the other samples.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02427.x

Affiliations: 1: Peter A. Rock Thermochemistry Laboratory and NEAT ORU, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616 2: Argonne National Laboratory, Materials Science Division, Argonne, Illinois 60439 3: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0427 4: Department of Chemistry, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

Publication date: July 1, 2008

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