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Effect of Concentration of Ammonium Poly(acrylate) Dispersant and MgO on Coagulation Characteristics of Aqueous Alumina Direct Coagulation Casting Slurries

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Coagulation of aqueous alumina slurries prepared using various concentrations (0.43–1.04 wt% based on alumina) of ammonium poly(acrylate) dispersant by MgO has been studied for direct coagulation casting (DCC) of alumina. The slurries prepared at dispersant concentration below 0.84 wt% are not suitable for DCC at room temperature (∼30°C) as they undergo premature coagulation. Mixing the slurry with MgO at a low temperature of nearly 5°C slows down the reactions leading to coagulation and keeps the slurry viscosity low for a sufficient period of time. Coagulation of slurries prepared at a dispersant concentration of 0.92 wt% and above at room temperature requires MgO concentrations much higher than the equivalent amount required for reaction with the dispersant. This anomalous behavior at higher dispersant concentration is explained such that the Mg-poly(acrylate) formed by the reaction between ammonium poly(acrylate) and MgO formed a sheath over the remaining MgO particles and prevented them from further dissolution at room temperature. Faster coagulation could be achieved by heating the slurries after casting in closed molds. The Mg-poly(acrylate) acts as a binder and stabilizes the coagulated bodies as their strength and stability against oscillatory stresses increase with an increase in dispersant concentration.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Naval Materials Research Laboratory, Anandnagar, Thane 421 506, Maharashtra, India

Publication date: 2008-06-01

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