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Local Structures of Bismuth Ion in Bismuth-Doped Silica Glasses Analyzed Using Bi LIII X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure

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Local structures around a bismuth ion in bismuth-doped silica glasses (BiSG) are analyzed using a Bi LIII X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS). The XAFS spectrum of crystalline α-Bi2O3 was also measured for comparison with BiSG whose first peaks are about 0.1 Å less than α-Bi2O3 in radial structure functions. According to curve-fitting results using FEFF 8.2, the Bi–O distances of the first and second neighboring coordination spheres are estimated to be 2.1 and 2.3 Å, respectively. The former corresponds to Bi5+–O bonding and the latter to Bi3+–O bonding compared with the Bi–O distances in typical crystals including Bi3+ and Bi5+ ions. The above results show that Bi ions in BiSG exist as both Bi3+ and Bi5+ states, which is also supported by X-ray absorption near the edge structure spectra of BiSG.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan 2: Quantum Optics Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Yuseong, Daejeon, Korea

Publication date: November 1, 2007


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