The processing of aluminum nitride (AlN) ceramics in aqueous media requires the use of a surface layer to protect the surface of the particles against hydrolysis. This surface layer might influence the densification, affecting the reactions between AlN and sintering additives. The present paper describes a thermodynamic and experimental approach to evaluate the effects of a phosphate-based protecting surface layer on the densification of AlN in the presence of YF3–CaF2 as sintering aids, and to predict the densification behavior during sintering using thermodynamic assessments. Based on thermodynamic calculations and the measured weight loss of the samples during heating to sintering temperature, the chemical reactions occurring during firing were proposed. The proposed reactions were related to the experimental results as well as the final properties of the AlN samples, namely, thermal conductivity, microstructure, secondary phases, and density.
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Document Type: Research Article
Department of Ceramic and Glass Engineering, CICECO, University of Aveiro, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway
Publication date: 2007-11-01