Preparation and Properties of Hydrothermally Stable -Alumina-Based Composite Mesoporous Membranes

Authors: Zahir, Md. Hasan1; Sato, Koji1; Mori, Hiroshi1; Iwamoto, Yuji1; Nomura, Mikihiro2; Nakao, Shin-ichi2

Source: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Volume 89, Number 9, September 2006 , pp. 2874-2880(7)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Abstract:

We report here on our thermal and hydrothermal investigations comparing mesoporous -Al2O3 membrane with single and double dopant membranes prepared by the sol–gel method. Improvements in the hydrothermal stability of mesoporous -Al2O3 by transition (Ga3+) or rare-earth (La3+) cations are discussed, along with the effectiveness of double dopant (Ga3+–La3+). The amounts of Ga2O3 oxide used varied between 0.0 and 30 mol% and those of La2O3 between 6 and 15 mol%. The thermal and hydrothermal (up to 75% steam) stability of nine types of membranes fabricated on an asymmetric porous α-Al2O3 support by means of a dip-coating process was characterized by H2 gas permeation at 500°C. By conducting tests with wide variations in dopant concentrations, material characterizations, and gas permeance performance, we have been able to optimize the key parameters for hydrothermally stable systems.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.01165.x

Affiliations: 1: Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Hybrid Process Group, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan 2: Department of Chemical System Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2006

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