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Interface Properties in a Porous-Matrix Oxide Composite

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This study focuses on the interfacial properties of a family of porous matrix oxide composites with uncoated fibers. Measurements of debond energy and sliding stress are made using a modified version of the established fiber push-in test. Modifications include the following: (i) use of a sphero-conical indenter (not a sharp-tipped one) to produce only elastic deformation of the fibers, and (ii) analysis of the loop width (instead of absolute displacements) to ascertain interface properties. The method obviates the need for indentation tests on reference (non-sliding) fibers. It also mitigates the problems associated with the elastic deformation of the surrounding matrix. The measured debond toughnesses (about 0.05 J/m2) are about two orders of magnitude lower than the fiber toughness. This ensures that debonding will occur when a matrix crack impinges on a fiber. Additionally, the sliding stresses are in the same range as those reported for C-coated Nicalon fibers in glass–ceramic matrices (about 5 MPa). The latter results are qualitatively consistent with the observed damage tolerance in these two seemingly disparate systems, as manifested in the degree of fiber pullout as well as the notch sensitivity of tensile strength.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-5050

Publication date: 01 September 2006

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