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Modeling of Boundary Porosity Formation in Laser Melting and Re-Solidification of Ceramics

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Laser melting and re-solidification has been used to densify and homogenize ceramic surfaces, leading to increased high-temperature corrosion and erosion resistance. Although complete sealing of pores can be achieved on the surface, pores have been observed in the boundary between the laser-treated zone and the untreated bulk. This paper investigates the mechanisms of pore formation and the various factors affecting it. A simple analytical model that predicts the maximum final pore diameter and location along the treated zone/untreated bulk boundary is derived, in terms of the materials properties and the processing parameters. Experimental investigations for a range of processing speeds and power densities have verified the model predictions, identifying the effects of processing speed and laser power density on the maximum pore diameter.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.00909.x

Affiliations: 1: Laser Processing Research Centre, School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering, The University of Manchester, Manchester M60 1QD, UK 2: Corrosion and Protection Centre, School of Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Publication date: April 1, 2006

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