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Piezoelectric Resonances, Linear Coefficients and Losses of Morphotropic Phase Boundary Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–PbTiO3 Ceramics

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A method based on the use of four piezoelectric resonances for three sample geometries that allows obtaining the full set of linear electric, mechanical, and electromechanical coefficients, and all related losses of a piezoelectric ceramic has been applied to Mn-doped 0.655Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.345PbTiO3 at the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB PMN–PT). Length-poled MPB PMN–PT ceramic plates presented piezoelectric shear double resonances associated with a thickness gradient of tetragonal and rhombohedral (or monoclinic) phases that originated during poling. The versatility of the method still allowed addressing these double resonances and obtaining all the linear coefficients and losses of the well-poled material. These are given for MPB PMN–PT and compared with those of a Navy type II Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) ceramic. MPB PMN–PT presents piezoelectric coefficients as high as soft PZT but significantly lower losses, and so less overheating and hysteresis under high driving fields. Its thermal stability has been studied up to 100°C, and the temperature dependence of a number of linear coefficients and of the thickness and planar coupling factors and frequency constants of disks has been obtained. The latter thickness parameters hardly changed with temperature, while planar ones showed a relative variation of 10%.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain 2: Thales Research & Technology, Domaine de Corbeville, 91404 Orsay, France

Publication date: 2005-10-01

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