Fabrication and Characterization of High-Conductivity Bilayer Electrolytes for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

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A stable bilayer electrolyte with high ionic conductivity was developed for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell operation. The bilayer structure improved the limited thermodynamic stability of bismuth oxides and prevented electronic conductivity of ceria-based oxides in reducing atmosphere. Bilayer electrolytes were formed by depositing thin and thick layers of erbia-stabilized bismuth oxide (ESB) on samaria-doped ceria (SDC) substrates, via pulsed laser deposition and dip-coating techniques. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the ESB/SDC samples showed dense ESB layers and excellent adherence between both ESB and SDC phases. Interdiffusion between the two phases was not detected by X-ray diffraction and EDX. Measurements of the conductivity of SDC coated with ESB exhibited slightly higher total conductance than SDC.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2005.00475.x

Affiliations: Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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