Solid-State Synthesis of Ultrafine BaTiO3 Powders from Nanocrystalline BaCO3 and TiO2
Abstract:Barium titanate has been prepared by solid-state reaction of nanocrystalline TiO2 (70 nm) with BaCO3 of different particle size (650, 140, and 50 nm). The results give evidence of a strong effect of the size of BaCO3 in the solid-state synthesis of barium titanate. The use of nanocrystalline BaCO3 already leads to formation of the single-phase BaTiO3 after calcination for 8 h at 800°C. The final powder consists of primary particles of ≈100 nm, has a narrow particle size distribution with d50=270 nm, and no agglomerates larger than 800 nm. For the coarser carbonate, 4 h calcination at 1000°C are required and the final powder is much coarser. Solid-state reaction of nanocrystalline BaCO3 and TiO2 represents an alternative to chemical preparation routes for the production of barium titanate ultrafine powders.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: September 1, 2005