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Synthesis and Reaction Mechanism of Ti3SiC2 by Mechanical Alloying of Elemental Ti, Si, and C Powders

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Formation of titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2) by mechanical alloying (MA) of Ti, Si, and C powders at room temperature was experimentally investigated. A large amount of granules less than 5 mm in size, consisting of Ti3SiC2, smaller TiC particles, and other silicides, have been obtained after ball milling for only 1.5 h. The effect of excess Si in the starting powders on the formation of Ti3SiC2 was studied. The formation mechanism of Ti3SiC2 was analyzed. It is believed that a mechanically induced self-propagating reaction is ignited during the MA process. A possible reaction mechanism was proposed to explain the formation of the final products.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: School of Mechanical and Electronic Control Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China

Publication date: August 1, 2005

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