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Sinter-Forging of Nanocrystalline Zirconia: I, Experimental

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Nanocrystalline (15 nm) yttria (3 mol%)-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) was sinter-forged under conditions of varying temperature (1050–1200°C), plastic strain rate (5 × 10−5 to 2 × 10−3s−1), and green density (33–48%), using constant-crosshead-speed tests, constant-load (i.e., load-and-hold) tests, and constant-loading-rate tests. The densification and pore size evolution results indicate that plastic strain is largely responsible for elimination of large pores, while diffusional mechanisms control the elimination of small pores. Grain growth during sinter-forging is observed to be dependent solely on porosity during intermediate-stage sintering. Once the powder compact enters final-stage sintering, however, both static (time- and temperature-dependent) and dynamic (plastic-strain-dependent) grain growth take place, greatly accelerating the overall rate of grain growth. The use of fast strain rates to impose plastic strain before the onset of dynamic grain growth is proposed as a method of preserving small grain sizes during sinter-forging.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802

Publication date: January 1, 1997


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