Free Content Inhibition of neutrophil migration in mice by mouse formyl peptide receptors 1 and 2 dual agonist: indication of cross-desensitization in vivo

You have access to the full text article on a website external to ingentaconnect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

Download Article:

Abstract:

Summary

It has been reported that the stimulation of neutrophils with N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF), an agonist for formyl peptide receptor (Fpr) 1, renders cells unresponsive to other chemoattractants in vitro. This is known as cross-desensitization, but its functional relevance in neutrophil migration in vivo has not been investigated. Here, we show that precedent stimulation of mouse neutrophils with compound 43, a non-peptidyl agonist for mouse Fpr1 and Fpr2, rendered the cells unresponsive to a second stimulation with C5a, leukotriene B4, or keratinocyte-derived cytokine (KC) in calcium mobilization and chemotaxis assays in vitro. The expression of chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 2 (CXCR2) on the surface of neutrophils was concomitantly diminished by stimulating the cells with the compound. Moreover, oral administration of the compound to mice before they were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) aerosol resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in the neutrophil count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The expression of CXCR2 on blood neutrophils was also reduced in the compound-administered mice. The recipient mice that underwent adoptive transfer of fluorescence-labelled neutrophils that had been incubated with the compound showed a substantial decrease in neutrophil counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after they were exposed to LPS, when compared with the control mice to which vehicle-treated neutrophils had been transferred. These results are consistent with the idea that the agonist for Fpr1 and Fpr2 induced cross-desensitization in neutrophils and attenuated neutrophil migration into the airways. Our results also revealed the unpredicted effect of an Fpr1 and Fpr2 dual agonist, which may act as a functional antagonist for multiple chemoattractant receptors in vivo.

Keywords: chemokine receptors; inflammation; lung/respiratory; neutrophils

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03367.x

Affiliations: 1: Cardiovascular-Metabolics Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo, Co., Ltd, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 2: Biologics Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo, Co., Ltd, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 3: Frontier Research Laboratories, Daiichi Sankyo, Co., Ltd, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 134-8630, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 2011

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more