Use of fresh-frozen plasma at Royal Darwin Hospital: a retrospective audit
The aim of the study was to assess the appropriateness of use of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) at Royal Darwin Hospital against the National Health and Medical Research Council and Australian and New Zealand Society for Blood Transfusion guidelines. Methods:
A retrospective review of blood product request forms, online pathology storage system data, pathology records and clinical notes between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2006 was carried out. The appropriateness of requests was assessed against existing guidelines. The percentage of appropriate and inappropriate FFP transfusions was obtained. Results:
Six hundred and forty-eight of 950 units (68%) of FFP were used with an appropriate indication as per National Health and Medical Research Council/Australian and New Zealand Society for Blood Transfusion guidelines. Of the remaining units, 14% (137 units) was given without a clear indication and a decision of appropriateness could not be established for 17% (165 units) because of inadequate clinical or pathology information (e.g. coagulation results). Multiple issues around prescribing practice were identified. Conclusion:
There is significant use of FFP at Royal Darwin Hospital without clear clinical indication. The employment of a transfusion nurse to monitor use of FFP (and other blood products) and provide education is aimed at improving transfusion efficiency and patient safety.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Haematology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia
Publication date: September 1, 2008