Skip to main content

Hepatitis B virus reactivation following immunosuppressive therapy: guidelines for prevention and management

Buy Article:

$43.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract

It is well known that immunosuppressive drugs or cancer chemotherapy can stimulate replication of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and precipitate severe flares of HBV infection. The risk of this syndrome of ‘reactivation hepatitis B’ is highest in haematopoietic stem cell or solid organ transplant recipients and in those undergoing chemotherapy for haematological malignancies; however, it has been described following almost any form of immunosuppressive treatment. Fortunately, it can be largely prevented by prophylactic therapy with oral anti-HBV nucleoside/nucleotide analogues. Importantly, chronic HBV infection is usually asymptomatic, and most patients at risk are likely to be unaware that they carry the infection. Thus, the key to avoiding this potentially fatal complication of immunosuppressive treatment is to ensure that all patients at risk of chronic HBV infection are screened for the disease before commencing immunosuppressive treatment or chemotherapy.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Data/Media
No Metrics

Keywords: hepatitis B; immunosuppressive therapy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Victorian Liver Transplant Unit, Department of Gastroenterology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia

Publication date: 2007-10-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more