Outcome after complete percutaneous removal of infected pacemaker systems and implantable cardiac defibrillators
The mortality of retained, infected pacemaker systems is high. We assessed the safety and rate of relapse of infection after complete percutaneous removal of leads of infected pacemaker systems. None of the 40 subjects experienced procedure-related mortality and there were no cases of relapse after a median duration of follow up of 8 years (range, 3 months to 12 years). Procedure-related complications and other adverse events during therapy are reported. Percutaneous removal of infected pacemakers in conjunction with appropriate antibiotic therapy is safe and effective.