Neurally mediated syncope and unexplained or nonaccidental falls in the elderly
Falls and syncope are among the leading causes for which older patients seek hospital admissions. The prevalence of unexplained or nonaccidental falls is high in this group. The clinical spectrum of falls and syncope has been shown to overlap significantly in the elderly. Carotid sinus syndrome and vasovagal syncope, the two common examples of neurally mediated syncope (NMS), have been increasingly recognised as important attributable causes for unexplained falls and syncope. However, in clinical practice NMS is not widely investigated as a cause of fall and is likely to be underdiagnosed.