Cellular adhesion molecules and cardiovascular disease. Part II. Their association with conventional and emerging risk factors, acute coronary events and cardiovascular risk prediction

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Abstract:

Abstract

The role of cellular adhesion molecules in the patho¬≠genesis of atherosclerosis has now been clearly demonstrated. Plasma levels of adhesion molecules, which have been shed from the cell surface, have also been associated with the presence of clinical atherosclerotic disease, cardiovascular risk factors and acute coronary syndromes. However, there is little consensus in the literature, including between the large well-designed population studies. This may be explained either by unrecognized confounding factors or, alternatively, by the unpredictable relationship between cell surface expression and activity of cellular adhesion molecules and their shedding into the plasma under different circumstances. Probably for the latter reasons, there is at present little evidence that the measurement of circulating adhesion molecules is likely to offer any additional benefit for individual patients above the assessment of conventional cardiovascular risk factors in the assessment of either the extent of, or future risk from, cardiovascular disease. (Intern Med J 2003; 33: 450−462)

Keywords: acute coronary syndromes; atherosclerosis; cellular adhesion molecules; coronary artery disease; risk factors

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1445-5994.2003.00379.x

Affiliations: Cardiovascular Research Centre, Monash University, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Publication date: September 1, 2003

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