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Cellular adhesion molecules and cardiovascular disease. Part I. Their expression and role in atherogenesis

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Atherosclerosis is now recognized to be an inflam­matory disease, and several inflammatory markers have been shown to be associated with both the presence and future risk of symptomatic cardiovascular ­disease. Cellular adhesion molecules, particularly members of the selectin family and immunoglobulin superfamily, are intimately involved in the recruitment of leucocytes to sites of inflammation, including ­developing atherosclerotic lesions. Their role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been clearly demonstrated using knockout mice models. Plasma levels of adhesion molecules, which have been shed from the cell surface, have been associated with the presence of clinical atherosclerotic disease, although published studies differ in their findings. This limited consensus in the literature may be explained either by unrecognized confounding factors, or perhaps by the unpredictable relationship between cell surface expression and activity of cellular adhesion molecules and their shedding into the plasma. While cell surface activity of adhesion molecules appears critical in the develop­ment of atherosclerotic lesions, the measurement of plasma levels of soluble adhesion molecules may offer little additional benefit for individual patients in the prediction of the extent of atherosclerotic disease above the assessment of conventional cardiovascular risk factors. (Intern Med J 2003; 33: 380−386)
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Keywords: acute coronary syndromes; atherosclerosis; cellular adhesion molecules; coronary artery disease; risk factors

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Cardiovascular Research Centre, Monash University, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Publication date: 2003-08-01

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