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Enhancing cultural competence: Trans-Atlantic experiences of European and Canadian nursing students

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Abstract:

This paper describes the enhancement of cultural competence through trans-Atlantic rural community experiences of European and Canadian nursing students using critical incident technique (CIT) as the students' reflective writing method. The data generated from 48 students' recordings about 134 critical incidents over a 2-year project were analysed by qualitative content analysis. Five main learning categories were identified as: cross-cultural ethical issues; cultural and social differences; health-care inequalities; population health concerns; and personal and professional awareness. Four emergent cultural perspectives for the health sector that became apparent from the reflections were: health promotion realm; sensitivity to social and cultural aspects of people's lives; channels between the health sector and society; cultural language and stories of local people. CIT was successfully used to foster European and Canadian undergraduate students' cultural reflections resulting in considerations and suggestions for future endeavours to enhance cultural competence in nursing education.

Keywords: community nursing; critical incident; cultural competence; trans-Atlantic exchange

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01776.x

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor, Director of Webster Centre for Teaching, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada 2: Senior Lecturer, Uppsala University, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden 3: Associate Professor, University of Moncton, School of Nursing, Edmundston Campus, Edmundston, New Brunswick, Canada 4: Public Health Practice Development Fellow, Bournemouth University, School of Health and Social Care, Bournemouth, Dorset, UK 5: International Co-coordinator, Tallinn Health College, Tallinn, Estonia 6: Nursing Education Scholar, Mount Royal College, School of Nursing, Calgary, Alberta, Canada 7: Professor, University of Moncton, School of Nursing, Edmundston Campus, Edmundston, New Brunswick, Canada 8: Dean and Professor, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada 9: Director, Mount Royal College, School of Nursing, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Publication date: 2009-12-01

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