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The life situation and functional capacity of the elderly with locomotor disability in Sweden and Poland according to a model by Lawton

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A quadripartite concept, the Good Life for older people, was developed by the American psychologist M. P. Lawton and forms the theoretical framework of this study. Ninety Swedish and 93 Polish subjects, aged ≥ 60 years who had reported locomotor disturbances in selected samples from the two countries, took part in the study. Interviews were performed using the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Multilevel Assessment Instrument (PGCMAI) and functional testing was done using the Standardized Practical Equipment (SPE). The Polish elderly scored lower in most domains of the PGCMAI, which meant a worse life situation according to the Good Life model. On the SPE, scoring was lower in the Polish group, mainly on items related to balance and mobility. There was a logic convergent validity between the PGCMAI and the SPE in the whole group. The somewhat more complicated life situation for the Polish elderly has to be further analysed.
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Keywords: cross-cultural comparison; elderly; functional capacity; life situation; locomotor disability

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: School of Health Sciences, Institute of Gerontology, Jönköping, Sweden 2: Professor Emeritus, Department of Medicine and Care, Divisions of Clinical Pharmacology and Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.

Publication date: 2004-02-01

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