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Formation of Porous SiC Ceramics by Pyrolysis of Wood Impregnated with Silica

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Abstract:

Biomorphous -SiC ceramics were produced at 1400°C from pine wood impregnated with silica. This one-step carbothermal reduction process decreases the cost of manufacturing of SiC ceramics compared with siliconization of carbonized wood in silicon vapor. The synthesized sample exhibits a 14 m2/g surface area and has a hybrid pore structure with large 5–20 m tubular macropores and small (<50 nm) slit-shaped mesopores. SiC whiskers of 20–400 nm in diameter and 5–20 m in length formed within the tubular pores. These whiskers are expected to improve the filtration by removing dust particles that could otherwise penetrate through large pores. After ultrasonic milling, the powdered sample showed an average particle size of ∼30 nm. The SiC nanopowder produced in this process may be used for manufacturing SiC ceramics for structural, tribological, and other applications.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7402.2006.02103.x

Affiliations: 1: Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science of NAS of Ukraine, 3 Krzhyzhanovsky Str., Kiev 03142, Ukraine 2: Department of Materials Science and Engineering and A. J. Drexel Nanotechnology Institute, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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