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Use of regrowth for forage in crops of timothy (Phleum pratense L.) cv. Grindstad grown for seed in Norway

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Abstract:

Abstract

Six experiments were carried out in two climatically different regions in south-east Norway in order to compare different procedures for autumn management and use of regrowth in seed crops of timothy (Phleum pratense L.) cv. Grindstad. The experiments were laid out after seed harvest in mid-August in crops with a stubble height of 5 cm (two experiments) or 12–15 cm (four experiments). Cutting to 5 cm on 15 September or 15 October, with or without an application of 50 kg N ha−1 immediately after seed harvest, and with or without an additional application of 30 kg N ha−1 after cutting, were compared with an uncut and unfertilized control treatment. As a main effect,autumn cutting increased seed yield in the subsequent year in only one experiment; this was laid out in a 13 cm stubble on a fertile soil near the coast. In the remaining five experiments seed yields were unaffected byautumn management regardless of climate or stubble height. Autumn cutting and N application increased the number of seedheads in two experiments, but this was offset by a drop in other seed yield components.

On average for two cutting dates and for plots receiving an application of 50 kg N ha−1 after seed harvest, the dry matter (DM) was 1430 kg ha−1 on an inland site with 12–15 cm stubble, 1400 kg ha−1 on a coastal site with 5 cm stubble and 2460 kg ha−1 for two coastal sites with 12–15 cm stubble. Whereas forage yield and quality were fairly stable from the first to the second cut at the inland site, the yield of DM increased, but the crude protein and energy concentrations decreased from 15 September to 15 October at the coastal sites. It is concluded that the stubble and regrowth in seed crops of timothy cv. Grindstad can be harvested for forage without any effect on seed yield in the next year.

Keywords: Phleum pratense; autumn treatment; forage quality; seed yield; timothy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2494.2002.00311.x

Affiliations: The Norwegian Crop Research Institute, Apelsvoll Research Centre, Division Landvik, Grimstad, Norway

Publication date: June 1, 2002

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