Effect of allowed grazing time, inert rumen bulk and length of starvation before grazing on the weight, composition and dermentative end-products of the rumen contents of lactating dairy cows
The effect of length of the allowed grazing time (Experiment 1), length of starvation time and placement in the rumen of inert bulk material before grazing (Experiment 2) on liquid and particulate rumen pool sizes, composition and fermentability was investigated. In Experiment 1, four lengths of allowed grazing time (1.00, 1.75, 2.50 and 3.25 h) after overnight starvation were compared. The allowed grazing time had no significant effect on total and liquid rumen pool sizes after grazing but did affect (P < 0.05) dry-matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) rumen pool sizes. The non-significant diferences between the volatile fatty acid (VFA) rumen pool sizes before and after 1 h of grazing may indicate a delay in the availability of the more rapidly fermentable substrate for the microorganisms. The total VFA remen pool sizes increased significantly (P < 0.01) with the allowed grazing time, which suggests that these fermentation products may be involved in the control of the grazing time in later stages during the day. Experiment 2 consisted of a factorial combination of two lengths of starvation before grazing (16.5 and 2.5 h) and the presence or absence in the rummen of 12.5 kg of a synthetic indigestible material. The duration of starvation before grazing did not affect significantly the particulate, ammonia and VFA rumen pool sizes after grazing except for propionic acid, which was reduced (P < 0.09) by the longer starvation time. The inclusion of inert bulk material in the rumen before grazing significantly reduced (P < 0.05) the total, Liquid DM, OM, and ammonia rumen pool sizes but not the VFA rumen pool sizes after grazing. High levels of ammonia as well as total rumen contents may be involved in the control of the grazing time in this experiment.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: WIAS, Wageningen Institue of Animal Science, Animal Nutrition, Marijkeweg 40, 6709 PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands 2: WIAS, Wageningen Institue of Animal Science, Animal Production System Groups, Marijkeweg 40, 6709 PG, Wageningen, The Netherlands
Publication date: 01 June 1998