Induction and costs of tail spine elongation in Daphnia hyalina×galeata: reduction of susceptibility to copepod predation
Authors: Caramujo M-J.; Boavida M-J.
Source: Freshwater Biology, Volume 45, Number 4, December 2000 , pp. 413-423(11)
1. Seasonal field data showed a positive correlation between the tail spine length of Daphnia hyalina×galeata and the density of the copepod Acanthocyclops robustus. Laboratory experiments were designed to assess the mechanisms underlying the induction of tail spine elongation and to test whether this morphology reduced predation on Daphnia juveniles. 2. Both the elongated tail spine morph and control spine morph produced progeny with elongated tail spine when exposed to copepods. Instar increments, calculated from individual body length, showed that individual growth decreased in the presence of copepods. This decrease in individual growth was less pronounced in spined morphs relative to control morphs. 3. Copepods exhibited significantly higher feeding rates on control morph juveniles compared to elongated tail spine morph juveniles. 4. All Daphnia matured at instar 5 even though the control morph neonates took 2430 more hours to mature in the presence of copepods than in the absence of copepods. Enlarged body and spine lengths of progeny coincided with reduced progeny number during the first six reproductive instars. The disadvantage of the reduced offspring number produced per female was balanced by enhanced survivorship of progeny subjected to copepod predation.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2000-12-01