Behaviour of immature yellowtails (Seriola quinqueradiata) observed by electronic data-recording tags

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The long-term behaviour of immature yellowtails, Seriola quinqueradiata, was studied using electronic data-recording tags in Sagami Bay, Japan, during the autumn and early winter. Temperature or depth data were continuously recorded for 5–69 days on six yellowtails. The temperature recorded from the 0-year-old yellowtails showed only small variations (<0.5°C day−1) around the SST on the coast, indicating the 0-years stayed in the immediate coastal area with little horizontal movement. The 1-year-old yellowtail showed larger temperature variations that reached 3°C day−1, which implies distinctly larger horizontal movements than the 0-year-olds. Depth records showed the 0-years stayed around 10 m while the 1-year yellowtail swam in deeper water (mainly 10–30 m) with large variations. The latter often dived to 40 m in the daytime, but shallower than the depth of the thermocline. Both temperature and depth records showed apparent diurnal patterns. Comparing the fish data with environmental conditions, it is suggested that 1-year yellowtails stay close to the coast during the night, move at dawn to feed in the daytime and return at dusk via a frontal zone. In addition, wind stress could change yellowtails’ behaviour.

Keywords: behaviour; data-recording tag; yellowtail

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606–8502, Japan, 2: Fisheries Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture, Sagami Branch, Hayakawa, Odawara 250–0021, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2000

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