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Naupliar copepod concentrations in the spawning grounds of Japanese sardine, Sardinops melanostictus, along the Kuroshio Current

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Naupliar copepods were distributed at similar concentrations over the waters inshore and offshore of the Kuroshio Current off central Japan in early spring 1993 and 1994, overlapping with the distribution of early feeding larvae of Sardinops melanostictus. Although N, P, Si and chlorophyll a concentrations were higher in the waters inshore of the Kuroshio axis than in the offshore waters, the mean concentrations of nauplii were not statistically different between the two waters. Food availability for larval S. melanostictus did not seem to be different between the two waters in terms of the mean food concentrations. Using the critical food concentration (>9 nauplii L-1) for 25% survival during 3 days after first feeding derived from a rearing experiment, percentages in number of stations or water samples with nauplii concentrations> 9 nauplii L-1 were higher in the inshore waters than in the offshore waters in both years examined. Considering that fish larvae may depend on small-scale patchiness of food for their survival, the inshore waters seemed to be more favourable for first-feeding larvae than the offshore waters.
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Keywords: Kuroshio Current; Sardinops melanostictus; chlorophyll a; naupliar copepods; nutrients; spawning grounds

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 1-15-1 Minamidai, Nakano-ku, Tokyo 164, Japan. E-mail: ywatanab@ori.u-tokyo.ac.jp 2: Nansei National Fisheries Research Institute, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Ohno-cho, Saeki-gun, Hitoshima 739-04, Japan 3: National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, 2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ky, Yokohama 236, Japan 4: Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, 3-27-4 Shinhama, Shiogama 985, Japan

Publication date: 1998-07-01

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