Reduction of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., salmon, S. salar L., and rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), smolt bycatches in eel pound nets
Abstract:Two types of bycatch reduction devices (BRDs) were tested in the Randers Fjord, Denmark, aimed at deflecting the surface-oriented smolts of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., salmon, Salmo salar L., and rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), before they became trapped, while retaining the catches of eel, Anguilla anguilla (L.). The methods tested were: a) placing a floating guard net between the wings; and b) submerging the pot net (i.e. last enclosure before fyke net) 55–100 cm below mean sea level. After each haul the pound net-setups were changed from the control to one of the types of BRD, and vice versa. Both methods significantly reduced the bycatch of brown trout smolts, while catches of legal-sized eels were not affected. Submerging the pot net reduced smolt catches of all species; mean reductions were 91.1% for brown trout, 74.5% for rainbow trout, and 86.1% for salmon.
Document Type: Original Article
Affiliations: The Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Freshwater Fisheries, Silkeborg, Denmark
Publication date: June 1, 1997