Stimulation of photosynthesis and consequent oxygen production in anoxic bottom water by supply of low-intensity light through an optical fiber

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Abstract:

ABSTRACT: 

 In order to enhance the oxygen production in anoxic bottom water using light, the bottom water and sediment collected in different seasons from a coastal area were incubated under irradiance treatments of 7 and 15 µE/m2 per s by halogen lamp provided through an optical fiber. The dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations increased from 3.6 mg/L to 7.1 mg/L in the 15 µE/m2 per s irradiance treatment, while in the dark control the DO concentrations decreased to 1.1 mg/L in June. Along with the oxygen increase, chlorophyll a concentration increased from 0.24 µg/L to 1.35 µg/L while inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus decreased. These results indicate that low-intensity light is effective in stimulating photosynthesis of coastal bottom water and for net production of DO, especially in summer. It is a promising way to improve the anoxic bottom environment.

Keywords: anoxic; irradiance; optical fiber; oxygen production; photosynthesis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1444-2906.2004.00821.x

Affiliations: Laboratory of Aquatic Environmental Science, Kochi University, Nankoku, Kochi 783-8502, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2004

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