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Bioaccumulation and interrelationship of manganese and zinc in horse mussel Modiolus modiolus fromEastern Canada

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Bioaccumulation and distribution of Mn and Zn in the total softtissues, digestive glands, residuals and adductor muscles of thehorse mussel Modiolus modiolus from three sites, includingindustrialized and non-industrialized locations in Eastern Canada,were investigated. Extremely high digestive gland metal concentrationswere found in individual mussels, as high as 1819 µg/gMn wet weight and 1964 µg/g Zn wet weight,with mean values from 358 to 404 µg/gMn and from 399 to 614 µg/g Zn for thecollection sites. High Mn to Zn interrelationships were observed inall types of tissues and at all sites. Between different tissues,Zn was interrelated by linear relationships, and Mn was best describedby power curve relationships for all tissue types. In the totalsoft tissue, Mn and Zn interrelations were fitted to power regressioncurves with different slopes between the three study sites. Thisindicated that horse mussel was exposed to different metal levels inthe environments and could be useful for monitoring these metals.The uptake of both metals at extremely high concentrations, thelack of regulation and the occurrence of interactions all suggest thatMn and Zn may play a biological role in horse mussels. Zn and Mninteractions, surprisingly, were not disrupted at the very highconcentrations of either metal, which proves that the mechanism ofmetal interactions does not involve a detoxification role.

Keywords: bioaccumulation; biologicalrole; heavy metals; horse mussels; manganese; metal interactions; zinc

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Marine Environmental Sciences Division,Oceans and Environment Branch, Maritimes Region, Department of Fisheriesand Oceans, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2 Canada

Publication date: 2003-04-01

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