Water velocity in artificial habitats of the Japanese crayfish Cambaroidesjaponicus

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The appropriate water velocity in artificial burrows for theJapanese crayfish species Cambaroides japonicus was studied.An experimental system of two artificial burrows (burrows A and B)of the same size was set in a large tank. The velocity of burrowA was 0 cm/s and that of burrow B was varied andset at 0 cm/s, 5 cm/s, 10 cm/s,20 cm/s and 30 cm/s. The selectionof these two burrows by C. japonicus was observed. No animalsselected burrow B significantly more than burrow A above 10 cm/s.At 20 cm/s, some crayfishes were swept away andcould not return to burrows because of the high water velocity.At 30 cm/s, most animals were swept away. We concludethat the appropriate water velocity for the suitability of artificialburrows and the immediate foraging area adjacent to the burrowsshould be as low as 5 cm/s.

Keywords: Cambaroidesjaponicus; artificial burrow; crayfish; watervelocity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1444-2906.2003.00627.x

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Marine Biodiversity,Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University, Hakodate,Hokkaido 041-8611, 2: Department ofApplied Aquabiology, National Fisheries University, Shimonoseki,Yamaguchi 759-6595 and 3: HokkaidoNuclear Energy Environmental Research Center, Kyowa, Hokkaido 045-0123,Japan

Publication date: April 1, 2003

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