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Complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica

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We determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome for the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica (Teleostei: Anguilliformes). The entire genome was purified by gene amplification using a long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, and the products were subsequently used as templates for PCR with 60 fish-versatile and six species-specific primers that amplify contiguous, overlapping segments of the entire genome. Direct sequencing of the PCR products demonstrated that the genome [16 685 base pairs (bp)] contained the same 37 mitochondrial genes (two ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA and 13 protein-coding genes) as found in other vertebrates, with the gene order identical to that in typical vertebrates. A major non-coding region between the tRNAPro and tRNAPhe genes (967 bp) was considered as the control region (D-loop), as it has several conservative blocks characteristic to this region.

Keywords: Anguilla japonica; Japanese eel; complete mitochondrial DNA sequence; long-PCR; mitogenomics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum & Institute, Chuo, Chiba 260-8682, Japan 2: Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Nakano, Tokyo 164-8639 and

Publication date: February 1, 2001

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