Effects of drag coefficient of netting for dynamic similarity on model testing of trawl nets
For design or improvement of fishing nets, a model test based on Tauti's law or Froude's law is well executed. However, because these modeling rules are based on the proportion of the drag of the net to the square of water velocity, the converted drag of the net from the result of model testing is considerably large compared with the observed value. In this study, Tauti's law and Froude's law were corrected considering the drag coefficient of the net to the Reynolds number based on the twine diameter used experimentally. Three different scale models: 1/12, 1/20 and 1/50 of a midwater trawl net of 61 m in total length were made according to the modified Tauti's law and Froude's law, and the full-scale and model experiment were carried out. Consequently, the difference between the converted drags of full-scale by three scale models and measured values was within 10%. Each of these modified modeling rules is effective for the model test of trawl nets.