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Effect of various medium compositions on survival and hatching rates of embryos of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii cultured in vitro

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The effectiveness of in vitro embryo culture of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii depended on the age of the embryos at the onset of culture and on the concentrations of various compositions in the medium. Embryos that started being cultured on day 0.5 after oviposition were more sensitive to variations in the medium compositions than those that started being cultured on day 10.5 after oviposition. An optimal NaCl level was essential for embryonic development, survival, hatching and survival of the newly hatched larvae. Variations of NaCl or KCl levels dramatically altered embryonic development, and variation of the MgCl2 + MgSO4 level significantly lowered survival of the embryos that started being cultured at the early stage of development. In contrast, no significant change in embryonic development was observed upon variation of the CaCl2 level. Hatching of the embryos required the presence of NaCl and CaCl2 but not KCl or MgCl2 + MgSO4. The ionic requirements of the newly hatched larvae differed from that of the developing embryos. Variations of NaCl, KCl or CaCl2 but not MgCl2 + MgSO4 levels significantly influenced the survival of the newly hatched larvae.
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Keywords: Macrobrachium rosenbergii; culture; embryo; prawns

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 and 2: Center for Biotechnology of Aquaculture, Institute of Science and Technology for Research and Development, Mahidol University, Nakornpatom 73170, Thailand

Publication date: 2001-02-01

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