Wear behaviour of an aluminium matrix composite

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The wear behaviour of a composite material consisting in AS12UNG alloy reinforced with 15% short fibres of alumina has been studied. The material composition and the wear test conditions were defined in order to evaluate the potential performance of automotive pistons produced with such composite composition. As initially expected, the results indicate that an increase in the sliding velocity lead to higher wear rates in the stationary stages, and higher applied loads also induced acceleration in the wear process. Also, reciprocating sliding movement is clearly more damaging than the circular. However, results have shown that wear rates at 150 °C are lower than those recorded at room temperature representing a promising result for the use of this material in components that operate in this condition. This advantageous behaviour is lost at temperatures near to 300 °C, when a marked increase in the wear rate and a signification contribution of adhesive wear were observed.

Keywords: aluminium matrix composite; automotive pistons; wear behaviour

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2695.2008.01266.x

Affiliations: 1: Dpto. Ingeniería Minera, Metalurgia y Ciencia de los Materiales, Escuela Universitaria de Ingeniería Técnica de Minas y de Obras Públicas, EHU-UPV, Barakaldo, Spain 2: INASMET – Tecnalia, Automotive Unit, Mikeletegi Pasealekua 2, 20009 San Sebastian, Spain

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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