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The effect of material behaviour on the analysis of single crystal turbine blades: Part II – Component analysis

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This paper describes the analysis of a turbine blade component using a slip system model developed for modern single-crystal superalloys. Structural elasto-viscoplastic calculations are carried out for the component. The emphasis throughout is on the effect of micromechanisms of deformation, accounted for in the material model, on the predicted overall behaviour of the component. With the recent proliferation in detailed material models that are available, it is prudent to take a step back and investigate the implications of such models for component analysis and design. This effect is manifested through the determination of a stabilised and redistributed stress state throughout the component. While some components are creep-limited in design, many are fatigue-limited and it is stabilised stresses which control the cyclic life of these components. The accuracy of the material model, incorporating various micromechanisms as a function of stress and temperature, can significantly effect these stabilised stresses. The effect of the crystallographic orientation on blade behaviour is illustrated and the implications of shakedown simulations for fatigue lifing of turbine blades are discussed.
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Keywords: creep; fatigue; finite element simulation; micromechanism; single-crystal superalloy; turbine blade component

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Rolls-Royce UTC, Department of Material Science, Cambridge University, Pembroke St., Cambridge CB2 3QZ, UK

Publication date: 2002-04-01

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