Skip to main content

Free Content Do False Predictions of Seizures Depend on the State of Vigilance? A Report from Two Seizure-Prediction Methods and Proposed Remedies

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library


Purpose: Available seizure-prediction algorithms are accompanied by high numbers of false predictions to achieve high sensitivity. Little is known about the extent to which changes in EEG dynamics contribute to false predictions. This study addresses potential causes and the circadian distribution of false predictions as well as their relation to the sleep–wake cycle.

Methods: In 21 patients, each with 24 h of interictal invasive EEG recordings, two methods, the dynamic similarity index and the mean phase coherence, were assessed with respect to time points of false predictions. Visual inspection of the invasive EEG data and additional scalp electroencephalogram data was performed at times of false predictions to identify possible correlates of changes in the EEG dynamics.

Results: A dependency of false predictions on the time of day is shown. Renormalized to the duration of the period patients are asleep and awake, 86% of all false predictions occurred during sleep for the dynamic similarity index and 68% for the mean phase coherence, respectively. Combining two reference intervals, one during sleep and one in an awake state, the dynamic similarity index increases its performance by reducing the number of false predictions by almost 50% without major changes in sensitivity. No obvious dependence of false predictions was noted on visible epileptic activity, such as spikes, sharp waves, or subclinical ictal patterns.

Conclusions: Changes in the EEG dynamics related to the sleep–wake cycle contribute to limits of specificity of both seizure-prediction methods investigated. This may provide a clue for improving prediction methods in general. The combination of reference states yields promising results and may offer opportunities to increase further the performance of prediction methods.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Dynamic similarity index; False predictions; Phase synchronization; Seizure anticipation; Seizure prediction

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: FDM, Freiburg Center for Data Analysis and Modeling 2: Epilepsy Center, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Publication date: 2006-12-01

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more