Role of Endothelin ETA Receptor Antagonism in the Post‐Transplant Renal Response to Angiotensin II in the Rat
The role of endothelins in the renal damage associated with ischaemic‐reperfusion (I‐R) injury during organ transplantation was determined by selective blockade of the ETA receptors with the receptor antagonist ABT‐627. The integrity of kidney function was determined 2 and 8 weeks after transplantation by investigation of the renal response to angiotensin II. Under pentobarbitone anaesthesia (70 mg kg−1, I.P.), rats underwent a right nephrectomy. Transplantation of the left kidney was performed after 2 h cold ischaemia without or with ABT‐627 treatment. Control animals underwent left renal denervation. The renal response to angiotensin II was measured 2 weeks later following blockade of endogenous production of angiotensin II with captopril. A further transplant group was allowed to recover for 8 weeks before the terminal study. In the control group, angiotensin II reduced renal blood flow (RBF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urine flow rate (UV), and fractional sodium excretion (FENa) by 29 ± 5%, 19 ± 4%, 25 ± 4% and 32 ± 7%, respectively. Conversely, in the transplant group, angiotensin II left RBF unchanged and increased GFR (59 ± 12%) and UV (93 ± 8%). FENa decreased by 24 ± 9%. In both the transplant group treated with ABT‐627 and the long‐term recovery group, the renal response to angiotensin II was normalised. In conclusion, renal transplantation following 2 h cold I‐R injury resulted in a temporary abnormal renal response to angiotensin II, which was reversed by ETA receptor antagonism at the time of transplantation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Physiology, Otago School of Medical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Publication date: 01 May 2001