Frequencies of platelet-specific alloantigen systems 1–5 in three distinct ethnic groups in Brazil
The human platelet antigen (HPA) systems are related to immune platelet disorders as well as to the development of occlusive vascular disease. Several distinct biallelic HPA systems are known, and a heterogeneous distribution of HPA alleles has been described among distinct ethnic groups. In this study we genotyped 320 carefully selected individuals from three distinct ethnic groups in Brazil (Caucasians, Blacks and Amazonian Indians) for the HPA-1, -2, -3, -4 and -5 systems. A similar prevalence for all HPA alleles was found in Brazilians of Caucasian and Black descent. These data contrast with those reported for similar ethnic groups in other countries. Among the Amazonian Indians, no b allele of the HPA-1, -4 and -5 systems was identified. The data presented here could be useful in the diagnosis of alloimmune platelet disease, in genetic counselling and in the development of screening programmes for HPA-related diseases.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1999-10-01