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Cis-trans complementation of DQA1-DQB1 genes are modulated by DQ alleles: an immunogenetics analysis of DQ association with the down-regulatory function of CD8 cells in trichosanthin-induced immunosuppression

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The initiation of a CD8 cell-mediated pathway (M+) was adopted as a phenotypic trait to analyse genetic predisposition in trichosanthin (Tk)-induced immunosuppression. Tk is a natural protein antigen with 247 amino acid residues. Based on DNA typing for DR, DQ, DP and TAP genes, data in this paper indicate that only DQ genes were primarily involved and that the alleles DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0201 were strongly associated with the M+ phenotype in cis (on DR3 haplotype) or trans (on DR5/DR7 heterozygotes) complementation. This is consistent with our observation that only the DQ-positive cells were capable of expanding after being co-cultured with Tk for 96h. Two points of interest were noted. (1) The susceptible haplotype DRB1*0301-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 showed an association with the M+ phenotype only if combined with DRB1*04-, DRB1*08-, or DRB1*09-related haplotypes. When co-presented with DRB1*11-, DRB1*15-, DRB1*07-related haplotypes, however, no cis complementation could be detected. A detailed analysis of the association patterns indicated that the DQB1 locus of the non-susceptible haplotypes was the main factor for up- or down-modulation. (2) For M+ phenotype-related trans complementation in Tk-induced suppression, it was found that not only DQA1*0501-DQB1*0201 (DR5/7) alleles, but also associated DQA1*0301-DQB1*0201 (DR4/7, 9/7) alleles, were involved. The allele DQB1*0201 was not associated with the DQA1 alleles in DRB1*01-, DRB1*15-, DRB1*13-, DRB1*07-related haplotypes. The results obtained indicate that there are some additional genetic factors involved in the functional expression of cis and trans complementation of DQA1 and DQB1 genes, among which the DQ alleles play a critical role as self-regulators.

Document Type: Original Article


Affiliations: Shanghai Institute of Immunology, Shanghai Second Medical University, Shanghai 200025, China.

Publication date: February 1, 1999


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