HLA-DR/DQ/DP INTERACTIONS IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
Abstract:Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with the presence of particular HLA-DRB1 alleles. In order to characterize HLA-DQB1 and/or -DPB1 alleles that contribute to disease susceptibility besides HLA-DRB1 alleles, we have analysed the HLA-DRB1, -DQB1 and -DPB1 polymorphism in 84 RA patients and 135 controls. HLA typing for HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles was performed using sequence-specific primers in combination with sequence-based typing. HLA-DPB1 alleles were characterized by reverse dot-blot hybridization. Our data confirm the predominant role of the (Q)R/KRAA sequence from AA position 70–74 of the HLA-DRB chain for disease susceptibility. In particular, the lysine (K) substitution at position 71 was highly significantly associated with RA. Analysis of the DQB1 locus revealed no association with RA when linkage disequilibrium between HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles was considered. In contrast, we observed an increased frequency of HLA-DPB1*0401 among (Q)R/KRAA-positive patients. (Q)R/KRAA-negative RA patients exihibited an overrepresentation of HLA-DPB1*0201 and HLA-DPB1*0601. Rheumatoid factor (RF) production correlated with the presense of the disease-associated (Q)R/KRAA amino acid cassette of the HLA-DRB chain. When HLA-DPB1 allele frequencies were compared between RF-positive and RF-negative RA patients, we observed an increased frequency of HLA-DPB1*0401 among RF-positive RA patients and HLA-DPB1*0201 among RF-negative patients. These results suggest that besides the predominent role of HLA-DR molecules in RA, HLA-DP molecules may have an influence on disease susceptibility and could modulate disease progression. HLA-DPB1*0401 may function in addition to HLA-DRB1*04, whereas HLA-DPB1*0201 and -DPB1*0601 may represent additional risk factors among (Q)R/KRAA-negative RA patients.
Document Type: Original Article
Affiliations: 1: Medizinische Klinik III, Bereich Rheumatologie, J-W Goethe Universität, Frankfurt/Main, , 2: Labor für Immungenetik, Ludwig–Maximilian Universität, München and , 3: Sandoz AG, Nürnberg, Germany
Publication date: 1997-10-01