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Is the effect of acute hyperglycaemia on interdigestive antroduodenal motility and small-bowel transit mediated by insulin?

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Acute hyperglycaemia inhibits antroduodenal motility. In non-diabetic subjects this inhibitory effect may result from reactive endogenous hyperinsulinaemia. Therefore, we investigated the effects of hyperinsulinaemia during both hyperglycaemia and euglycaemia on interdigestive antroduodenal motility (perfusion manometry) and duodenocaecal transit time (DCTT; lactulose breath-H2 test). Six healthy volunteers (age 20–26 years) were studied for 240 min on three separate occasions in random order during: (a) i.v. saline (control); (b) acute hyperglycaemic hyperinsulinaemia (HG) with plasma glucose at 15 mmol L−1; and (c) euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemia (HI) with plasma insulin at 80 mU L−1 and glucose at 4–5 mmol L−1. Results: DCTT was significantly (P < 0.05) prolonged during HG (158 ± 23 min) compared with control (95 ± 25 min), whereas HI had no effect (100 ± 17 min). Mean duration of complete migrating motor complex (MMC) cycles was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced during HG (63 ± 9 min) compared with control (103 ± 15 min) and HI (105 ± 16 min), which resulted from a significantly (P < 0.05) shorter duration of phase II. Antral motility was significantly (P < 0.05) reduced during both HI (20 ± 8 contractions 240 min−1) and HG (9 ± 5) compared with control (43 ± 7). It is concluded that in healthy subjects hyperglycaemia prolongs DCTT, increases duodenal MMC cycle frequency and inhibits antral motility. Hyperinsulinaemia reduces antral motor activity but has no effect on interdigestive duodenal motility or DCTT. Thus, other factors, apart from insulin, mediate the inhibitory effect of hyperglycaemia on interdigestive intestinal motility and transit.
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Keywords: Gastrointestinal motility; hyperglycaemia; hyperinsulinaemia; small bowel transit time. Abbreviations. MMC; migrating motor complex

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Departments of Gastroenterology–Hepatology, 2: Clinical Chemistry, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands

Publication date: 1997-08-01

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