Summary Aeciospores of Cronartium ribicola and C. flaccidum were collected from several locations in Finland and used to inoculate Pedicularis spp. and some known and suspected alternate hosts in 2008–2009. In all trials, C. ribicola formed uredinia
and telia on leaves of Ribes nigrum. No uredinia or telia of C. ribicola formed on older leaves of Pedicularis spp. but both uredinia and telia were found on young leaves of P. palustris ssp. palustris. Cronartium flaccidum produced uredinia and/or
telia on leaves of P. palustris ssp. palustris, P. lapponica, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria and Melampyrum sylvaticum. Neither rust infected P. sceptrum-carolinum, Vaccinium myrtillus, Calluna vulgaris or Ledum palustre. Similar
to rusts in Asia and North America, the results showed that European C. ribicola exhibit more variable host reactions and wider alternate host ranges than earlier described. Pedicularis palustris may play a role in the spread of Cronartium in natural forests.