Susceptibility to Heterobasidion parviporum in Picea abies clones grown in different environments
Thirty-five Norway spruce, Picea abies, clones from Sweden were tested for resistance to Heterobasidion parviporum. Rooted cuttings of the clones were planted in Italy and Greece and cultivated for two growing seasons before inoculation with H. parviporum. Extent of infection was determined 6 weeks later. The results were compared to those of earlier inoculations in Sweden. Plant growth traits were under strong genetic control in all locations with broad sense heritability estimates between 0.14 and 0.54. Lesion and fungal extension heritabilities were moderate, H2 ranged from 0.09 to 0.20, and exhibited rather large genetic variation. There was significant genotypic correlation between Italy and Greece with respect to both lesions and fungal extension. No such correlations were found between Sweden and the two other countries. The lack of repeatability in testing susceptibility is unsatisfactory. It could be explained by C-effects associated with propagation of the host plants. Height growth correlated significantly and positively among all countries.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: NAGREF-Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems Terma Alkmanos, Athens, Greece 2: Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Agrarie – Sez. Patologia Vegetale, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy 3: The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk), Uppsala Science Park, Uppsala, Sweden
Publication date: April 1, 2008