Pathogenicity of Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium oxysporum on Pinus nigra seedlings in northwest Spain
Fusarium verticillioides may be responsible for causing significant damping-off damage similar to that incited by F. oxysporum on forest seedlings, resulting in considerable losses in nurseries in northwest of Spain. Traditionally, F. oxysporum has been considered the most important agent of this disease in Spanish forest nurseries. However, recent studies have showed that F. verticillioides also has been frequently isolated from diseased plants. This has increased the necessity for a more comprehensive knowledge of the behaviour and pathogenicity of both Fusarium spp. isolated from these sites. The effect of Fusarium spp. on seed germination and on seedling mortality was analysed by inoculating the fungus at seeding. The in vitro growth of the two species was studied and is discussed in relation to in vivo virulence. Both species caused a reduction in seed germination and an increase in seedling mortality. Mortality caused by F. verticillioides treatments occurred sooner than that for F. oxysporum and the growth rate of F. verticillioides was also greater.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Forest Entomology and Pathology Laboratory, Department of Vegetal Production and Forest Resources, Universidad de Valladolid (Palencia), Avda, Madrid 44, 34071, Palencia, Spain.
Publication date: April 1, 2008