Identification and geographic distribution of vegetative compatibility types of Cryphonectria parasitica and occurrence of hypovirulence in Greece
Castanea sativa, one of the most precious forest trees in Greece, is affected by the spread of chestnut blight all over the country. Identification and mapping of the vegetative compatibility (vc) types of the fungus Cryphonectria parasitica was carried out and the occurrence of hypovirulence was checked. In 11 chestnut populations distributed all over Greece, 627 isolates were obtained and their vc type was determined. Four vc types were identified by means of tester isolates: EU-12 was found to be the dominant vc type reaching a percentage of 88%, with EU-2 (6%), EU-10 (3%) and EU-1 (2%) following. EU-12 was found in all 11 populations investigated whereas EU-2 was isolated from five populations and EU-10 and EU-1 were found only in one population each. Natural hypovirulence was also found in five populations of 11 examined. Perithecia were not found in either population, a finding supported by the fact that all Greek isolates examined belonged to a single mating type, MAT-1. The low diversity in vc types, the absence of the perithecial stage and the occurrence of natural hypovirulence in some areas support the feasibility of successful application of biological control on the national level in Greece.
Document Type: Research Article
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Publication date: 2006-12-01