Port-Orford-cedar resistant to Phytophthora lateralis

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Abstract:

Summary

Phytophthora lateralis, an exotic root pathogen, is the primary cause of Port-Orford-cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) mortality throughout its native range in southwest Oregon and northwest California. Most trees in the field are very susceptible, but genetic resistance to this pathogen has been demonstrated. Since the late 1980s, the USDA Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management in cooperation with Oregon State University have conducted an intensive programme to identify and test resistant trees from the field, and propagate them in a seed orchard with the goal of providing resistant seedlings for regeneration. Susceptible families showed only 0–10% survival using a variety of inoculation techniques. Rooted cuttings of resistant parents are seldom killed, and seedling families of these parents exhibit 25–100% survival, depending on family and inoculation technique. Symptom development on resistant trees, including sunken lesions, and resinosis as well as reduced colonization and re-isolation success, was consistent with a hypersensitive reaction. In a long-term field test, five resistant families had 20–80% survival after 16 years, while three susceptible families had 0–8% survival in the same interval.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0329.2006.00474.x

Affiliations: 1: Division of Forest Diseases and Insect Pests, Korea Forest Research Institute, 207 Cheongyangni-2 dong Dongdaemungu, Seoul 130-712, South Korea., Email: eunsungoh@foa.go.kr 2: Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA., Email: hansene@science.oregonstate.edu 3: USDA Forest Service, Dorena Genetic Resource Center, Cottage Grove, OR, USA

Publication date: December 1, 2006

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